Ministry of Science and Technology Report: National Key Parks S & T innovation capability continues to increase
"National Key Parks Innovation Monitoring Report 2016":
The capacity of scientific and technological innovation in key national parks continued to increase
Author: reporter Yang Shu
Recently, the Ministry of Science and Technology released the "National Key Park Innovation Monitoring Report 2016". National high-tech zones, agricultural science and technology parks, and sustainable development experimental zones are important innovation-intensive areas in China. Monitoring their innovation activities is an important part of the construction of a national innovation investigation system. Based on the statistics from 2014 to 2015, the State Key Parks Innovation Monitoring Report 2016 has monitored the innovation capability of national high-tech zones, agricultural science and technology parks and sustainable development experimental zones through building index system.
China news agency Ren Haixia photo shoot
1. The National High-tech Zone has become a strategic leader in innovation and development and leading supply-side structural reforms
The National High-tech Zone has become a banner of our country taking the road of independent innovation with Chinese characteristics and played a leading role in innovation-driven development and transformation and upgrading. It is the most important strategic force for promoting the development of "double hitches" and high-tech industries in our country.
First, it has played an important role in steady growth. In the new economic normal, high-tech zones in the country still maintained high growth with a high base. During the 12th FYP, 146 high-tech zones achieved an average annual growth rate of 17.4%, of which 18 had an average annual growth rate of 20% the above. In 2016, the GDP of 146 high-tech zones in China accounted for 11.8% of China's total GDP (74412.7 billion yuan), of which 42 high-tech zones accounted for more than 20% of the city's GDP and 22 Over 30% of the households and 50% of the 10 households. Taxes paid and taxes paid amounted to 12.0% of the national tax revenue (13.0354 trillion yuan). The total export value accounted for 18.6% of the total foreign trade exports (exports of goods and services worth 15.6648 trillion yuan) Assets investment accounted for 6.3% of total social investment in fixed assets. The total volume economy of the national hi-tech zones has become a strong support for the growth of the national economy and the economic development in the local regions.
Second, it has become an important source of China's emerging industries. National High-tech Zone gathered 41,000 high-tech enterprises, accounting for 39.4% of the high number of the country; more than 1,400 listed companies at home and abroad, nearly 3,800 new three board listed companies; 96 national top 100 Internet companies were born in the National High-tech Zone, 104 of the 131 unicorn enterprises in the country are located in the High-tech Zone; 404 enterprises with operating income exceeding 10 billion yuan and 10 enterprises exceeding 100 billion yuan. Formed a high ground of innovation in the world represented by Zhongguancun, Zhangjiang, Shenzhen and Hangzhou and a batch of high-tech enterprises with world influence represented by Lenovo, Xiaomi, Huawei and Alibaba.
Third, it has become the core carrier for China to promote "double creation." National high-tech zones are the regions with the most intensive innovation resources, the most active innovation activities, the most innovative strengths and the most innovative achievements in the country. 40.5% of the national record-making public record space in the National High-tech Zone. In 2016, the number of newly registered enterprises in the National Hi-tech Zone reached 282,000. The R & D expenditures of high-tech zones reached 537.99 billion yuan, accounting for 44.3% of the national enterprises. The proportion of total R & D investment in GDP reached 6.13%, 2.9 times the national average. Every 10,000 practitioners have 219.3 invention patents, which is 9.6 times the average level of the national average. The turnover of technology contracts reached 305.170 billion yuan, accounting for 26.8% of the national total. To attract 18.059 million practitioners, of which 54.8% for college education.
Fourth, China has become an important platform for China's deep integration into the global economic system. In the Belt and Road initiative, more and more high-tech zones in the country have started to build overseas incubators and overseas industrial parks, explored capacity-building cooperation, technological spillovers and mature modes to form international radiation.
Fifth, the role of new-type industrialization and urbanization has been highlighted. Adhere to the integration of industrial development in the city, relying on the high-tech zones around the construction of a number of industrial and technological cities, such as Suzhou Industrial Park, Chengdu High-tech Zone are all examples.
2. National Agricultural Science and Technology Parks have become an important growth pole for promoting agricultural modernization
In 2014, the investment in innovation of agricultural science and technology parks in the country continued to increase, the ways of innovation were increasingly enriched, the innovation capability was continuously enhanced, the efficiency of integrated demonstration and radiation continued to improve, the transfer of agricultural science and technology achievements was accelerated, the adjustment of agricultural industrial structure was promoted, As well as to promote the integration of urban and rural areas has played an important role in promoting agricultural modernization has become an important growth pole.
First, investment in innovation continued to increase, building a large number of agricultural science and technology innovation and entrepreneurship platform. Through integration of resources such as state finance, local finance, research institutes and enterprises, the park has continuously increased its investment in capital. Through the construction of expert workstations, engineering centers, key laboratories and school-owned enterprises, the park has jointly set up R & D centers, agricultural product testing and testing, and agro- Platform and other innovative carriers, platform to gather capital, technology and talent to enhance the park's ability to innovate. In 2014, the park invested a total of 111.9 billion yuan in research and development, with a total investment of 9.15 billion yuan and a research and development center of 1807, including 726 R & D centers at the provincial and ministerial levels. The number of R & D personnel exceeded 54,000 and the construction of a large number of R & D platforms increased substantially Park independent innovation ability.
Second, the ability of incubating and nurturing has been constantly enhanced and a large number of agricultural science and technology enterprises have been nurtured. The park has built up sound technical consultation, information exchange, science and technology training, financial services and knowledge through various modes such as "Park + Company + Peasant Household", "Park + Leading Enterprise + Demonstration Base + Family Farm" Property rights and other science and technology service system, the successful introduction, incubation to cultivate a large number of modern agricultural science and technology enterprises. By the end of 2014, there had been a total of 7445 enterprises in the park, including 371 high-tech enterprises, 588 agricultural science and technology innovation enterprises and 61 agricultural listed companies. Among them, there were 1144 enterprises under incubation, 491 enterprises under graduation and 369 enterprises Home, Park "hematopoiesis" function has been continuously enhanced, the industrial competitiveness significantly improved.
Third, the increasing output of innovation has promoted the upgrading of agricultural industrial structure. The park promotes the construction of an innovation system that combines production, education and research with enterprises as its mainstay, and improves the ability of the park to transfer and transform scientific and technological achievements. The park has led the development of agricultural high-tech industries such as biological breeding, agricultural machinery and equipment, agricultural product processing and agricultural information services by taking over, starting and supporting agricultural enterprises, associations and specialized cooperative organizations and effectively promoting the development of regional agricultural industrial structure Adjust and upgrade By the end of 2014, the park has approved 308 new varieties of plants, livestock and poultry and aquatic products at the provincial level and above, and obtained 4,230 intellectual property rights, including 2,074 patents, an increase of 150% over the same period of last year; over 20 parks owning geographical indication products and the park owns Brand 1866; industrial structure optimization of the park, a total of 538 billion yuan output value of industry, of which the total output value of secondary and tertiary industries accounted for 83% of the total output, the number and quality of agricultural science and technology innovation and entrepreneurship to achieve a win-win situation.
Fourth, significant benefits of integrated demonstration and effectively promoted the peasants to increase their incomes. The park will continue to strengthen the cooperation between the core area and the demonstration base, give full play to the role of the radiation base of the demonstration base, increase the promotion of new technologies, new varieties and new products in the park. Through the bases of Spark Enterprise, special commission for science and technology, expert compound, Supermarkets and agro-technology 110 to make the park a base for training peasants in scientific breeding, a base for student internships in universities and research institutes, and experimental fields for the transfer, promotion and use of scientific and technological achievements. By the end of 2014, the average construction area in the core area of the park was about 2,400 mu, and the average built-up area in the demonstration area was 68,000 mu. The demonstration base introduced and promoted 4,230 new breeds, new technologies and new facilities and carried out 25,500 trainings, bringing the number of local peasant households to 5.45 million. The per capita net income of peasant households reached 19,718 yuan, more than 99.2% of the national per capita net income of that year. . Park personnel, information, technology and other advantages in the demonstration base to be enlarged and enhanced.
Fifth, the construction mode has been continuously optimized and the integration of urban and rural areas has been promoted. Park based on the basic advantages of regional agriculture, industry gathering popularity and factors of production, the park in driving agricultural and rural development, promote the integration of secondary and tertiary industries, to achieve the integration of urban and rural development play an exemplary role, to build a "livable, Yi industry should Travel "and" production, life, ecology "as one of the park town and village integration development pattern. Such as Wuhan Agricultural Science and Technology Park integration of high-end production and living ecological functions, high-end innovation and entrepreneurship elements gathered to create a model of modern urban agriculture Park; Yangling Modern Agricultural Science and Technology Demonstration Zone through the exploration of modern agriculture models and mechanisms to promote agricultural production and management to scale and industry As a result, the per capita net income of farmers rose for the first time in Shaanxi for the sixth consecutive year, providing a solid industrial support for local urbanization and creating a "Yangling model" of modern agricultural development that can be replicated.
3. The sustainable development experimental zone construction has achieved remarkable results
In December 2016, the State Council printed and distributed "China's Plan for Implementing the Innovation Demonstration Zone for the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development", clearly stated that it will build on the existing work of the pilot project on sustainable development in the country to create a batch of projects that can be replicated and promoted Continued development of innovative demonstration model.
The National Sustainable Development Experimental Zone is a pilot demonstration project of local sustainable development jointly promoted by the Ministry of Science and Technology. As of the end of 2016, 189 pilot zones have been set up in 31 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) across the country. The construction of the experimental area has made remarkable achievements through the promotion and promotion of new development concepts, the innovation of systems and management as well as the promotion and application of advanced and applicable technologies, and the active exploration of the mode of regional sustainable development. The three major aspects are as follows:
First, promote the concept of sustainable development in the country's popularity. At the initial stage of its creation, based on such issues as imbalanced economic development and unbalanced social development, the work in the experimental zone proposed to rely on scientific and technological progress and institutional reform to achieve the coordinated development of economy, society, population, resources and environment. This idea was not only advanced in China at the time, but also synchronized with the development of international concepts of development. It is this forward-looking exploration that has provided the theoretical basis for our country's solemn commitment to the path of sustainable development at the 1992 UN Conference on Environment and Development. Since the environment and development conference was held, especially since our country released "Agenda 21 of China", our country has made a wide range of publicity and training activities in the experimental area so that local cadres and the public can quickly understand and accept the concept of sustainable development and put forward the concept of sustainable development The concept of development runs through the formulation and implementation of the plan for local national economy and social development.
Second, it has achieved positive results in promoting the coordinated development of economy and society. Instead of resorting to financial appropriation to experiment and relying on preferential policies for development, experimental areas work by means of technology popularization and application and system reform and innovation, and have explored "government organizations, expert guidance, business support, public participation Participate in "cooperation and co-construction mechanism, many of the indicators for the development of experimental areas better than the national average. For example, the per capita GDP in the experimental zone in 2015 was 75,328 yuan, which is 1/2 higher than the national average; the registered urban unemployment rate was 2.91%, which is 1/4 of the national average; the urban-rural income ratio was 2.15: 1, significantly lower than the national average Average 2.73:1; life expectancy in the experimental area was 77.85 years, 1.51 years above the national average. The experimental area also explored and formed a number of innovative modes of regional sustainable development, such as the Zhejiang Anji mode of beautiful rural construction and the Jiangsu Taicang mode of serious illness and reinsurance. Some successful experiences and models of sustainable development have been extended to the surrounding areas in the experimental area and the whole country, and the experimental area has become a benchmark for the implementation of the national sustainable development strategy.
Third, it has played a window role in showing the world China's sustainable development practices and achievements. In 2002 and 2012, the "National Report on Sustainable Development of the People's Republic of China" prepared by our country contains a separate chapter introducing the practices and achievements of the experimental zone construction. Both of these reports were formally submitted to the United Nations. During the joint high-level seminar of the UN Conference on Sustainable Development organized by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and NDRC in 2011, special arrangements were made for delegates from all participating countries to listen to the experiences and experiences of the experimental zone construction and to inspect some experimental zones on the spot. In the Report on the Implementation of the Millennium Development Goals in China (2000-2015) and the Progress Report on the Implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development in China (2017), the construction of a pilot zone was written as a basic experience of promoting sustainable development in China and was reported The international community highly recognized.
Building an Innovation Demonstration Zone for the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development is a major move to thoroughly implement the spirit of the National Conference on Science and Technology Innovation and the Outline of the National Innovation Driven Development Strategy and is a new historical mission entrusted to the experimental area by the Party Central Committee and the State Council. In the future, the experimental area and the demonstration area will become the new highland and practice platform for our country to fully implement the innovation-driven development strategy and play a benchmark role in the implementation of the national sustainable development strategy in the new era.